- The Florida Department of Health has newly identified a small area in Miami Beach, Florida where local Zika virus transmission is now occurring (via mosquitoes). In response, the CDC has issued new recommendations that now apply the existing guidance (for areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing) to this section of Miami Beach (see map below). The new guidance is for people who live in or have traveled to this area of Miami Beach any time after July 14, 2016.
- Visit http://www.cdc.gov/zika/intheus/florida-update.html for current guidelines.
- Click here for a Zika Virus Update, provided by Iowa Department of Public Health on May 12.
The Zika virus is a mosquito-born flavivirus. Outbreaks are occurring in many countries.
In Iowa, the general public is not at risk of contracting this virus because the mosquitoes that transmit Zika are not established in Iowa; however, Iowans traveling to areas where there is ongoing Zika virus transmission should take care to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
There is risk for pregnant women or those women trying to become pregnant as the Zika virus may cause birth defects.
Because there is no vaccine or preventive therapy for Zika, the CDC recommends that pregnant women should consider postponing travel to areas where Zika transmission in ongoing.
The Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through mosquito bites. These types of mosquitoes are called the Aedes species and are common around the world.
These mosquitoes typically lay eggs in and near standing water in things like buckets, bowls, animal dishes, flower pots and vases. They are aggressive daytime biters, prefer to bite people, and live indoors and outdoors near people.
Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people through bites.
Zika Virus Symptoms
- About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika).
- The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.
- The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.
- Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people.
- Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
- Deaths are rare.